Suggested Citation for Chapter 13:

Mullis, I. V. S., & Prendergast, C. O. (2017). Using Scale Anchoring to Interpret the PIRLS and ePIRLS 2016 Achievement Scales. In M. O. Martin, I. V. S. Mullis, & M. Hooper (Eds.), Methods and Procedures in PIRLS 2016 (pp. 13.1-13.23). Retrieved from Boston College, TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center website: https://timssandpirls.bc.edu/publications/pirls/2016-methods/chapter-13.html

IEA–International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement
Boston College