TIMSS & PIRLS

Suggested Citation for Chapter 1:

Mullis, I. V. S., & Prendergast, C. O. (2017). Developing the PIRLS 2016 achievement items. In M. O. Martin, I. V. S. Mullis, & M. Hooper (Eds.), Methods and Procedures in PIRLS 2016 (pp. 1.1-1.29). Retrieved from Boston College, TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center website: https://timssandpirls.bc.edu/publications/pirls/2016-methods/chapter-1.html

IEA–International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement
Boston College