Bethany has particular expertise in the digital transformation of the TIMSS and PIRLS assessments and in managing and analyzing eAssessment data. Bethany assisted in developing achievement items for eTIMSS and context questionnaires, as well as in conducting scale anchoring for TIMSS and TIMSS Advanced in 2015. She helps coordinate and author publications, including technical reports and international results reports for the TIMSS and PIRLS studies. She also assisted in the early stages of developing the eTIMSS assessments. Prior to joining the TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center in 2013, Bethany gained experience in international comparative research as a research assistant at the College Board and completed two years of graduate coursework in the social sciences. Bethany holds undergraduate degrees in mathematics and psychology from Syracuse University, and completed her doctoral degree in Measurement, Evaluation, Assessment, and Statistics (MESA) at Boston College’s Lynch School of Education.