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To the Mathematics and Science Literacy Section

To the Advanced Mathematics Section

Executive Summary (also contains the Introduction)

- Mathematics and Science Literacy

- Advanced Mathematics

- Physics

Introduction

- What Assessments Were Conducted and Which Students Were Tested?

- Which Countries Participated?
Table 1 : Countries Participating in Testing of Students in Their Final Year of Secondary School

- What Are the Differences in Upper Secondary Education Systems?

- The TIMSS Coverage Index: What Percent of the School-Leaving Age Cohort
Was Tested?
Table 2: TIMSS Coverage Indices (TCIs)

Table 3: TIMSS Coverage Indices (TCIs) for Advanced Mathematics and Physics

- How Does TIMSS Document Compliance with Sampling Guidelines?

- How Do Country Characteristics Differ?
Table 4 : Selected Demographic Characteristics of TIMSS Countries

Table 5 : Public Expenditure on Education at Primary and Secondary Levels in TIMSS Countries

Figure 1: Centralization of Decision-Making Regarding Curriculum Syllabi

Figure 2: Centralization of Decision-Making Regarding Textbooks

Figure 3: Centralization of Decision-Making Regarding Examinations

**Mathematics and Science Literacy
in the Final Year of Secondary School**

Chapter 1: International Student Achievement in Mathematics and Science Literacy

- How Does Performance Compare for the Students Participating in the Testing?
Table 1.1: Distributions of Mathematics and Science Literacy Achievement for Students in Their Final Year of Secondary School

Figure 1.1: Multiple Comparisons of Mathematics and Science Literacy Achievement for Students in Their Final Year of Secondary School

- How Does Performance Compare, Taking Differences in Population Coverage
into Account?
Figure 1.2: Mean Mathematics and Science Literacy Achievement by TIMSS Coverage

- Index for Students in their Final Year of Secondary School
Table 1.2: Mathematics and Science Literacy Achievement for the Top 25 Percent of All Students in the School-Leaving Age Cohort

Figure 1.3: Multiple Comparisons of Average Mathematics and Science Literacy Achievement for the Top 25 Percent of All Students in the School-Leaving Age Cohort

- How Does Performance Compare by Gender?
Table 1.3: Gender Differences in Mathematics and Science Literacy Achievement for Students in Their Final Year of Secondary School

Chapter 2: Achievement in Mathematics Literacy and Science Literacy

- How Does Performance Compare Between the Mathematics and Science Areas?
Table 2.1: Distributions of Achievement in Mathematics Literacy for Students in Their Final Year of Secondary School

Figure 2.1: Multiple Comparisons of Mathematics Literacy Achievement for Students in Their Final Year of Secondary School

Table 2.2: Distributions of Achievement in Science Literacy for Students in Their Final Year of Secondary School

Figure 2.2: Multiple Comparisons of Science Literacy Achievement for Students in Their Final Year of Secondary School

Table 2.3: Differences in Performance Between Mathematics Literacy and Science Literacy for Students in Their Final Year of Secondary School

Table 2.4: Achievement in Mathematics Literacy by Gender for Students in Their Final Year of Secondary School

Table 2.5: Achievement in Science Literacy by Gender for Students in Their Final Year of Secondary School

- How Does Final-Year Performance in Secondary School Compare with Eighth-Grade
Performance?
Figure 2.3: Mathematics Performance at Eighth Grade and Final Year of Secondary School Compared with the International Averages

Figure 2.4: Science Performance at Eighth Grade and Final Year of Secondary School Compared with the International Averages

Chapter 3: Performance on Mathematics and Science Literacy Example Items

- What Are Some Examples of Performance in Mathematics Literacy?
Table 3.1: Mathematics Literacy - Percent Correct for Example Item 1 - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 3.2: Mathematics Literacy - Percent Correct for Example Item 2 - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 3.3: Mathematics Literacy - Percent Correct for Example Item 3, Part A and Part B - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 3.4: Mathematics Literacy - Percent Correct for Example Item 4 - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 3.5: Mathematics Literacy - Percent Correct for Example Item 5 - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 3.6: Mathematics Literacy - Percent Correct for Example Item 6 - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 3.7: Mathematics Literacy - Percent Correct for Example Item 7 - Final Year of Secondary School

Figure 3.1: International Difficulty Map for Mathematics Literacy Example Items - Final Year of Secondary School

- What Are Some Examples of Performance in Science Literacy?
Table 3.8 Science Literacy - Percent Correct for Example Item 1 - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 3.9 Science Literacy - Percent Correct for Example Item 2 - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 3.10 Science Literacy - Percent Correct for Example Item 3 - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 3.11 Science Literacy - Percent Correct for Example Item 4 - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 3.12 Science Literacy - Percent Correct for Example Item 5 - Final Year of Secondary School 7

Table 3.13 Science Literacy - Percent Correct for Example Item 6 - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 3.14 Science Literacy - Percent Correct for Example Item 7 - Final Year of Secondary School

Figure 3.2 International Difficulty Map for Science Literacy Example Items - Final Year of Secondary School

Chapter 4: Contexts for Mathematics and Science Literacy Achievement

- What Are Secondary School Students' Educational Experiences and Plans?
Table 4.1 Mathematics and Science Literacy Achievement by Educational Program - Final Year of Secondary School

Figure 4.1 Definitions of National Options Included in the International Categories for Students' Educational Programs - Mathematics and Science Literacy - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 4.2: Students' Reports on Currently Taking Mathematics - Mathematics Literacy - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 4.3: Students' Reports on Currently Taking Mathematics by Gender - Mathematics Literacy - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 4.4: Students' Reports on Currently Taking Science - Science Literacy - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 4.5: Students' Reports on Currently Taking Science by Gender - Science Literacy - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 4.6: Students' Reports on Their Plans for Future Education - Mathematics and Science Literacy - Final Year of Secondary School 92

Figure 4.2: National Adaptations of the Definitions of Educational Levels for Students' Reports on Their Plans for Future Education - Final Year of Secondary School

- What Are Students' Attitudes and Perceptions About Mathematics and Science?
Table 4.7: Students' Reports on Their Self-Perceptions About Usually Doing Well in Mathematics and Science - Mathematics Literacy and Science Literacy - Final Year of Secondary School

Figure 4.3: Gender Differences in Students' Self-Perceptions About Usually Doing Well in Mathematics and Science - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 4.8 Student's Reports on How Much They Like Mathematics - Mathematics Literacy - Final Year of Secondary School

Figure 4.4: Gender Differences in Liking Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 4.9: Students' Reports on How Much They Like the Sciences - Final Year of Secondary School

Figure 4.5: Gender Differences in Liking the Sciences - Final Year of Secondary School

- What Educational Resources Do Students Have in Their Homes?
Table 4.10: Students' Reports on the Highest Level of Education of Either Parent - Mathematics and Science Literacy - Final Year of Secondary School

Figure 4.6: National Adaptations of the Definitions of Educational Levels for Parents' Highest Level of Education - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 4.11: Students' Reports on the Number of Books in the Home - Mathematics and Science Literacy - Final Year of Secondary School

- How Often Do Students Use Calculators and Computers?
Table 4.12: Students' Reports on How Often They Use a Calculator at School, Home, or Anywhere Else - Mathematics and Science Literacy - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 4.13: Students' Reports on the Frequency of Calculator Use During the TIMSS Test - Mathematics and Science Literacy - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 4.14: Students' Reports on How Often They Use a Computer at School, Home, or Anywhere Else - Mathematics and Science Literacy - Final Year of Secondary School

- How Do Students Spend Their Out-of-School Time During the School Week?
Table 4.15: Students' Reports on the Hours Per Day Spent Studying or Doing Homework - Mathematics and Science Literacy - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 4.16 Students' Reports on the Hours Per Day Studying or Doing Mathematics Homework - Mathematics Literacy - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 4.17 Students' Reports on the Hours Per Day Studying or Doing Science Homework - Science Literacy - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 4.18 Students' Reports on How They Spend Their Leisure Time on a Normal School Day - Mathematics and Science Literacy - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 4.19 Students' Reports on the Hours Per Day Spent Working at Paid Job - Mathematics and Science Literacy - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 4.20 Students' Reports on the Hours Per Day Spent Watching Television or Videos - Mathematics and Science Literacy - Final Year of Secondary School

- What Are Students' Negative School Experiences?
Table 4.21 Students' Reports on How Often They Had Negative Experiences During the Past Month in School - Mathematics and Science Literacy - Final Year of Secondary School

**Advanced Mathematics Achievement in the Final
Year of Secondary School**

Chapter 5: International Student Achievement in Advanced Mathematics

- How Does Performance Compare for the Students Tested in Advanced Mathematics?
Table 5.1 Distributions of Advanced Mathematics Achievement for Students Having Taken Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of School

Figure 5.1 Multiple Comparisons of Advanced Mathematics Achievement for Students Having Taken Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

- How Does Performance in Advanced Mathematics Compare, Taking Differences
in Population Coverage into Account?
Figure 5.2 Mean Advanced Mathematics Achievement by TIMSS Coverage Index for Students Having Taken Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 5.2 Advanced Mathematics Achievement for the Top 10 Percent of All Students in the School-Leaving Age Cohort

Figure 5.3 Multiple Comparisons of Advanced Mathematics Achievement of the Top 10 Percent of All Students in the School-Leaving Age Cohort

Table 5.3 Advanced Mathematics Achievement for the Top 5 Percent of All Students in the School-Leaving Age Cohort

Figure 5.4 Multiple Comparisons of Advanced Mathematics Achievement of the Top 5 Percent of All Students in the School-Leaving Age Cohort

- How Does Performance in Advanced Mathematics Compare by Gender?
Table 5.4 Gender Differences in Advanced Mathematics Achievement for Students Having Taken Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

- How Well Did Students Having Taken Advanced Mathematics Perform in Mathematics
and Science Literacy?
Table 5.5 Comparison Between All Students in Their Final Year of Secondary School and Final-Year Students Having Taken Advanced Mathematics in Mathematics and Science Literacy

Chapter 6: Achievement in Advanced Mathematics Content Areas

- How Does Performance Compare Across Content Areas?
Table 6.1 Achievement in Advanced Mathematics Content Areas for Students Having Taken Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Figure 6.1 Profiles of Performance in Advanced Mathematics Content Areas for Students Having Taken Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 6.2 Achievement in Advanced Mathematics Content Areas by Gender for Students Having Taken Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

- What Are Some Examples of Performance in Advanced Mathematics?
Table 6.3 Advanced Mathematics - Percent Correct for Example Item 1 for Students Having Taken Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 6.4 Advanced Mathematics - Percent Correct for Example Item 2 for Students Having Taken Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 6.5 Advanced Mathematics - Percent Correct for Example Item 3 for Students Having Taken Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 6.6 Advanced Mathematics - Percent Correct for Example Item 4 for Students Having Taken Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 6.7 Advanced Mathematics - Percent Correct for Example Item 5 for Students Having Taken Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 6.8 Advanced Mathematics - Percent Correct for Example Item 6 for Students Having Taken Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Figure 6.2 International Difficulty Map for Advanced Mathematics Example Items for Students Having Taken Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Chapter 7: Contexts for Advanced Mathematics Achievement

- What Are the Instructional Practices in Advanced Mathematics Classes?
Table 7.1 Advanced Mathematics Students' Reports on the Amount of Mathematics Instruction They Are Currently Receiving Each Week - Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 7.2 Advanced Mathematics Students' Reports on How Often They Are Assigned Mathematics Homework - Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 7.3 Advanced Mathematics Students' Reports on How Often They Are Asked to Do Reasoning Tasks in Their Mathematics Lessons - Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 7.4 Advanced Mathematics Students' Reports on How Often They Are Asked to Apply Mathematics to Everyday Problems in Their Mathematics Lessons - Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 7.5 Advanced Mathematics Students' Reports on How Often They Are Asked to Solve Equations in Their Mathematics Lessons - Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 7.6 Advanced Mathematics Students' Reports on How Often They Are Asked to Apply Models to Data in Their Mathematics Lessons - Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 7.7 Advanced Mathematics Students' Reports on How Often in Mathematics Lessons They Are Asked to Use Computers to Solve Exercises or Problems - Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 7.8 Advanced Mathematics Students' Reports on How Often They Use a Calculator at School, Home, or Anywhere Else - Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 7.9 Advanced Mathematics Students' Reports on the Frequency of Calculator Use During the TIMSS Test - Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

- What Are Secondary School Students' Educational Resources and Plans?
Table 7.10 Advanced Mathematics Students' Reports on the Highest Level of Education of Either Parent - Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 7.11 Advanced Mathematics Students' Reports on Their Plans for Future EducationAdvanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 7.12 Advanced Mathematics Students' Reports on the Area They Intend to Study After Secondary School - Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 7.13 Advanced Mathematics Students' Reports on the Area They Intend to Study After Secondary School by Gender - Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 7.14 Advanced Mathematics Students' Reports That They Would Like a Job That Involved Using Mathematics - Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 7.15 Advanced Mathematics Students' Reports That They Would Like a Job That Involved Using Mathematics by Gender - Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

**Physics ****Achievement
in the Final Year of Secondary School**

Chapter 8: International Student Achievement in Physics

- How Does Performance Compare for Students Tested in Physics?
Table 8.1 Distributions of Physics Achievement for Students Having Taken Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

Figure 8.1 Multiple Comparisons of Physics Achievement for Students Having Taken Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

- How Does Performance in Physics Compare, Taking Differences in Population
Coverage into Account?
Figure 8.2 Mean Physics Achievement by TIMSS Coverage Index for Students Having Taken Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 8.2 Physics Achievement for the Top 10 Percent of All Students in the School-Leaving Age Cohort 192

Figure 8.3 Multiple Comparisons of Physics Achievement for the Top 10 Percent of All Students in the School-Leaving Age Cohort

Table 8.3 Physics Achievement for the Top 5 Percent of All Students in the School-Leaving Age Cohort

Figure 8.4 Multiple Comparisons of Physics Achievement for the Top 5 Percent of All Students in the School-Leaving Age Cohort

- How Does Performance in Physics Compare by Gender?
Table 8.4 Gender Differences in Physics Achievement for Students Having Taken PhysicsFinal Year of Secondary School

- How Well Did Students Having Taken Physics Perform in Mathematics and
Science Literacy?
Table 8.5 Comparison Between All Students in Their Final Year of Secondary School and Final-Year Students Having Taken Physics in Mathematics and Science Literacy

Chapter 9: Achievement in Physics Content Areas

- How Does Performance Compare Across Content Areas?
Table 9.1 Achievement in Physics Content Areas for Students Having Taken Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

Figure 9.1 Profiles of Performance in Physics Content Areas for Students Having Taken Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 9.2 Achievement in Physics Content Areas by Gender for Students Having Taken Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

- What Are Some Examples of Performance in Physics?
Table 9.3 Physics - Percent Correct for Example Item 1 for Students Having Taken Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 9.4 Physics - Percent Correct for Example Item 2 for Students Having Taken Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 9.5 Physics - Percent Correct for Example Item 3 for Students Having Taken Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 9.6 Physics - Percent Correct for Example Item 4 for Students Having Taken Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 9.7 Physics - Percent Correct for Example Item 5 for Students Having Taken Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 9.8 Physics - Percent Correct for Example Item 6 for Students Having Taken Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

Figure 9.2 International Difficulty Map for Physics Example Items for Students Having Taken Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

Chapter 10: Contexts for Physics Achievement

- What Are the Instructional Practices in Physics Classes?
Table 10.1 Physics Students' Reports on the Amount of Physics Instruction They Are Currently Receiving Each Week - Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 10.2 Physics Students' Reports on How Often They Are Assigned Physics Homework - Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 10.3 Physics Students' Reports on How Often They Are Asked to Do Reasoning Tasks in Their Physics Lessons - Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 10.4 Physics Students' Reports on How Often They Are Asked to Apply Science to Everyday Problems in Their Physics Lessons - Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 10.5 Physics Students' Reports on How Often They Are Asked to Conduct Laboratory Experiments in Their Physics Lessons - Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 10.6 Physics Students' Reports on How Often in Physics Lessons They Are Asked to Use Computers to Solve Exercises or Problems - Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 10.7 Physics Students' Reports on How Often They Use a Calculator at School, Home, or Anywhere Else - Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 10.8 Physics Students' Reports on the Frequency of Calculator Use During the TIMSS Test - Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

- What Are Secondary School Students' Educational Resources and Plans?
Table 10.9 Physics Students' Reports on the Highest Level of Education of Either Parent - Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 10.10 Physics Students' Reports on Their Plans for Future Education - Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 10.11 Physics Students' Reports on the Area They Intend to Study After Secondary School - Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table 10.12 Physics Students Reports on the Area They Intend to Study After Secondary School by Gender - Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

**Appendices**

Appendix A: Structure of Upper Secondary Education Systems and Characteristics of Students Tested

Appendix B: Overview of TIMSS Procedures

- History

- The Components of TIMSS

Figure B.1 Countries Participating in Components of TIMSS Testing

- Developing the TIMSS Tests
Figure B.2 The Three Aspects and Major Categories of the Mathematics Framework

Figure B.3 The Three Aspects and Major Categories of the Science Framework

Table B.1 Distribution of Mathematics and Science Literacy Items by Reporting Category

Table B.2 Distribution of Advanced Mathematics Items by Content Category

Table B.3 Distribution of Physics Items by Content Category

- TIMSS Test Design

- Population Definition and Sampling for Students in the Final Year of Secondary
School

- Coverage of TIMSS Population
Table B.4 Coverage of TIMSS Target Population

- TIMSS Coverage Index
Table B.5 Computation of TCI: Estimated Percentage of School-Leaving Age Cohort

- Covered by TIMSS Sample - Final Year of Secondary School

- Samples Sizes and Participation Rates
Table B.6 School Sample Sizes - Mathematics and Science Literacy - Final Year of Secondary School

Table B.7 School Sample Sizes - Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table B.8 School Sample Sizes - Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table B.9 Student Sample Sizes - Final Year of Secondary School

Table B.10 Participation Rates - Mathematics and Science Literacy - Final Year of Secondary School

Table B.11 Participation Rates - Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table B.12 Participation Rates - Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

- Compliance With Sampling Guidelines
Figure B.4 Countries Grouped for Reporting of Achievement According to Their Compliance with Guidelines for Sample Implementation and Participation Rates - Mathematics and Science Literacy

Figure B.5 Countries Grouped for Reporting of Achievement According to Their Compliance with Guidelines for Sample Implementation and Participation Rates - Advanced Mathematics

Figure B.6 Countries Grouped for Reporting of Achievement According to Their Compliance with Guidelines for Sample Implementation and Participation Rates - Physics

- Data Collection
- Scoring the Free-Response Items
Table B.13 TIMSS Within-Country Free-Response Coding Reliability Data - Mathematics and Science Literacy - Final Year of Secondary School

Table B.14 TIMSS Within-Country Free-Response Coding Reliability Data - Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table B.15 TIMSS Within-Country Free-Response Coding Reliability Data - Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

- Test Reliability

- Data Processing
Table B.16 Cronbach's Alpha Reliability Coefficients - Final Year of Secondary School

- IRT Scaling

- Estimating Sampling Error

Appendix C: The Test-Curriculum Matching Analysis

Table C.1 Test-Curriculum Matching Analysis Results - Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table C.2 Test-Curriculum Matching Analysis Results - Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table C.3 Standard Errors for the Test-Curriculum Matching Analysis Results - Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table C.4 Standard Errors for the Test-Curriculum Matching Analysis Results - Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

Appendix D: Selected Achievement Results for Israel and Italy

Table D.1 Israel - Selected Achievement Results in Mathematics and Science Literacy - Unweighted Data

Table D.2 Israel - Selected Achievement Results in Advanced Mathematics - Unweighted Data

Table D.3 Israel - Selected Achievement Results in Physics - Unweighted Data

Table D.4 Italy - Selected Achievement Results in Physics (Small Sample Size)

Appendix E: Percentiles and Standard Deviations of Achievement

Table E.1 Percentiles of Achievement in Mathematics and Science Literacy - Final Year of Secondary School

Table E.2 Percentiles of Achievement in Mathematics Literacy - Final Year of Secondary School

Table E.3 Percentiles of Achievement in Science Literacy - Final Year of Secondary School

Table E.4 Percentiles of Achievement in Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table E.5 Percentiles of Achievement in Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table E.6 Standard Deviations of Achievement in Mathematics and Science Literacy - Final Year of Secondary School

Table E.7 Standard Deviations of Achievement in Mathematics Literacy - Final Year of Secondary School

Table E.8 Standard Deviations of Achievement in Science Literacy - Final Year of Secondary School

Table E.9 Standard Deviations of Achievement in Advanced Mathematics - Final Year of Secondary School

Table E.10 Standard Deviations of Achievement in Physics - Final Year of Secondary School

Appendix F: Acknowledgments

© 1998 International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA).

Mathematics and Science Achievement in the Final Year of Secondary School: IEA's Third International Mathematics and Science Study / by Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Albert E. Beaton, Eugenio J. Gonzalez, Dana L. Kelly, and Teresa A. Smith

Publisher: Center for the Study of Testing, Evaluation,
and Educational Policy,

Boston College.

Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 97-81365

ISBN 1-889938-08-4

For more information about TIMSS contact:

International Study Center

Boston College

Manresa House

140 Commonwealth Avenue

Chestnut Hill, MA 02467

United States

For information on ordering this report, write the
above address

or call +1-617-552-1600.

Funding for the international coordination of TIMSS is provided by the U.S. National Center for Education Statistics, the U.S. National Science Foundation, the IEA, and the Canadian government. Each participating country provides funding for the national implementation of TIMSS.

The Mathematics and Science Achievement in the Final Year of Secondary School was released in February 1998 and written by Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Albert E. Beaton, Eugenio J. Gonzalez, Dana L. Kelly, and Teresa A. Smith.